lunes, 21 de enero de 2013

Dilema de Triffin

 En 1968, Triffin denunció una imperfección del modelo monetario internacional de Bretton-Woods, que se conoce con el nombre de Dilema de Triffin. Una economía (en su caso la estadounidense) no puede crear liquidez internacional si no es mediante el endeudamiento con otros países, es decir, creando y manteniendo un déficit en la balanza de pagos comprando bienes, servicios e inversiones en el extranjero y con gasto militar para asegurar las posesiones en el extranjero y mantener la influencia sobre los territorios ocupados.

Robert Triffin - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

 The Triffin Dilemma / Reserve Currency Paradox:

The Triffin dilemma (or the Triffin paradox) is a theory that when a national currency also serves as an international reserve currency, there could be conflicts of interest between short-term domestic and long-term international economic objectives. This dilemma was first identified by Belgian-American economist Robert Triffin in the 1960s, who pointed out that the country whose currency foreign nations wish to hold (the global reserve currency) must be willing to supply the world with an extra supply of its currency to fulfill world demand for this 'reserve' currency (foreign exchange reserves) and thus cause a trade deficit.

The use of a national currency (i.e. the U.S. dollar) as global reserve currency leads to a tension between national monetary policy and global monetary policy. This is reflected in fundamental imbalances in the balance of payments, specifically the current account: some goals require an overall flow of dollars out of the United States, while others require an overall flow of dollars in to the United States. Net currency inflows and outflows cannot both happen at once.

The Triffin dilemma is usually used to articulate the problems with the U.S. dollar's role as the reserve currency under the Bretton Woods system, or more generally of using any national currency as an international reserve currency.

 Triffin dilemma - En Inglés.

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